Perspective is the point of view from which the creator describes historical events. This can be as simple as identifying the creator’s:
- profession (e.g. university professor)
- political persuasion
- cultural background
- religious beliefs
- educational background (e.g. what university they work for)
The Gallic Wars contains Julius Caesar’s personal perspective on the wars against the Gallic tribes, since it was created by the Roman general and politician himself, whilst he was on campaign in Gaul in the 50s BC. It was primarily written to convince the residents of Rome of the brilliance of his military and political genius.
Herodotus was a Greek from Halicarnassus, so he provides a Hellenistic perspective on the events.