Once you have created your three topic sentences, you are ready to create your hypothesis.
A hypothesis is a single sentence answer to the Key Inquiry Question that clearly states what your entire essay is going to argue.
It contains both the argument and the main reasons in support of your argument. Each hypothesis should clearly state the ‘answer’ to the question, followed by a ‘why’.
The indigenous people of Australia were treated as second-class citizens until the 1960’s (answer) by the denial of basic political rights by State and Federal governments (why).
Back in Step 3 of the research process, you split your Key Inquiry Question into three sub-questions. Then at Step 6 you used the quotes from your Source Research to create answers to each of the sub-questions. These answers became your three Topic Sentences. To create your hypothesis, you need to combine the three Topic Sentences into a single sentence answer. By combining your three answers to the sub-questions, you are ultimately providing a complete answer to the original Key Inquiry Question.
History Skills Online has a ready-to-use Research Journal that follows these 9 steps and provides links back to the website to help you at each stage of your research. You can grab it here.