1918 Western Front Battles of WWI

Source: https://pixabay.com/photos/world-war-belgium-flanders-world-801395/
Source: https://pixabay.com/photos/world-war-belgium-flanders-world-801395/

The year 1918 was a pivotal year for the World War I. This is because it marked the turning point of the war, with the Allies starting to make progress against the Central Powers. In this article, we will take a look at some of the most important battles that took place in 1918. Keep in mind that this is not an exhaustive list, but it will give you a good overview of what happened during that time period.

German Spring Offensive

Following Russia's exit from World War One in 1917, the Germans were in a strong position. They decided to launch a major offensive with the goal of pushing the Allies back and winning the war. 

 

The German Spring Offensive, also known as Kaiserschlacht ('Kaiser's Battle') was launched on 21 March 1918. In Operation Michael, the Germans attacked the British and French lines near Amiens. They were able to make some initial gains, but they eventually ran into heavy resistance from the Allies.

 

Australian troops held the town Villers-Bretonneux against German attackers during Operation Michael and, on two separate occasions, were able to seize back control of this strategic location. The offensive stalled and the Germans were forced to retreat.

Battle of Belleau Wood

The Battle of Belleau Wood was fought from 26 May to 26 June 1918. It was part of a larger offensive by the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in France. The goal of this offensive was to push back the Germans and retake control of ground that had been lost earlier in the war. 

 

The AEF was outnumbered and outgunned by the Germans, but they were able to win a decisive victory at Belleau Wood. This battle is considered to be one of the most important in the history of the United States military.


Combined Arms Warfare

The Allies started to adopt a new strategy in 1918 known as combined arms warfare. This strategy involved using all of the resources at their disposal to achieve victory. This included using infantry, artillery, tanks, and aircraft together in order to overwhelm the enemy. Tanks were often used to shield the approaching infantry while artillery pounded them from a distance. Aircraft would then be used to attack enemy targets and provide support to the ground troops.

 

The Allies started to use this strategy more and more as the war progressed, and it helped the Allies start to make progress against the Germans.

Hundred Days Offensive

The Hundred Days Offensive was a major offensive launched by the Allies in August 1918. The goal of this offensive was to push back the Germans and retake control of ground that had been lost earlier in the war. 

 

The offensive was successful, and it eventually led to the Armistice of 11 November 1918. This offensive is considered to be one of the most important in the history of World War I.

The Second Battle of the Marne

The Second Battle of the Marne was fought from 15 July to 18 August 1918. It was part of a larger offensive by the Allies known as the Hundred Days Offensive. The goal of this offensive was to push back the Germans and retake control of ground that had been lost earlier in the war. 

 

The Germans were able to make some initial gains, but they eventually ran into heavy resistance from the Allies. The offensive stalled and the Germans were forced to retreat. This battle is considered to be one of the turning points of World War I.


The Battle of Amiens

The Battle of Amiens was one of the most important battles of 1918. This battle is mostly remembered for the role that tanks played in it. The Allies were able to use a large number of tanks in this battle, and they were able to achieve a decisive victory. 

 

It took place between the 8th and 12th of August, and it was where the Allies made their first successful advance against the Germans since 1914. The battle was very costly for both sides, but it ultimately proved to be a decisive victory for the Allies.

The Battle of the Hindenburg Line

The Battle of the Hindenburg Line was fought from 17 September to 15 October 1918. It was part of a larger offensive by the Allies known as the Hundred Days Offensive. The goal of this offensive was to push back the Germans and retake control of ground that had been lost earlier in the war. 

 

The Germans were able to make some initial gains, but they eventually ran into heavy resistance from the Allies. The offensive stalled and the Germans were forced to retreat. This battle is considered to be one of the turning points of World War I.

Battle of the Lys

This battle took place in October-November 1918, and it was one of the final battles of World War I. The Allies were able to retake Ypres and other ground that had been lost earlier in the war. This battle was very costly for both sides, but it ultimately proved to be a decisive victory for the Allies.

Armistice

The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was a treaty that ended World War I. It was signed by representatives of Germany and the Allied Powers, and it went into effect on 11 November 1918.